The journey of our soul
The Quran states that all human souls were created at the same time (Quran 7:172). The souls were created long before the development of the physical body inside the mother’s womb. As the physical transformation occurs during the embryonic phase, the human body receives the soul. This is the beginning of the soul’s journey. Our earthly life is a journey, not a destination. Our soul stay inside the body for a specific time with a specific purpose. This purpose is to serve as God’s envoy on the earth (Quran 2:30). As God’s envoy, our responsibilities include, worshiping One God, taking care of all God’s creations including other humans, the animals, plants and taking care of the environment of the earth. Human beings are equipped with the unique ability to choose, a faculty to reason and have access to divine guidance to serve out their intended purpose.
Quran 17:85. “..And they ask you about the soul. Say: The soul is one of the commands of my Lord, of which you have been given only a little knowledge.’
Souls are born in innocence
According to the Islamic belief, human souls are born in a state of innocence and purity. Islam does not endorse the belief of original sin. The souls of newborn children are sinless. When the children grow up and reach an age when they understand the difference between right and wrong, and they know the meaning of transgressing moral boundaries, then their bad actions will be considered as sinful. Human beings are equipped with the unique ability to choose, a faculty to reason and have access to divine guidance. These tools help them to serve out their intended purpose, to do good and to avoid sins. https://qpeace.net/?p=878
Soul’s natural predisposition to goodness
Allah created human souls with an innate spiritual goodness and awareness of the Divine. Allah put this awareness inside ourselves when He created our souls (Quran 7:172). In essence, the Quran describes this spiritual awareness as the “natural predisposition” (Fitrah) of humans. As can be seen in the Quran, Allah allowed some of His own spirit (Quran 32:9, 38:72) to enter mankind during the process of creation of souls. Consequently, in the Quran, Allah urged human beings to align their actions and spiritual standings to their primordial nature which He gave them, and to avoid altering this natural predisposition.
Quran 30:30. “Orient your face towards the true religion in an upright manner, in the primordial nature from God, upon which He created humanity. Let there be no alteration in the creation of God. That is the upright religion; however most people do not realize it”
Souls are separated from the body at death
Once death separates the body from the soul, the body disintegrates and the soul continues it’s journey. The soul enters a temporary interim period when the righteous souls rest comfortably and the unjust souls get some taste of their evil deeds. So, all the human souls who have passed away, are currently living through this interim period in their eternal journey.
The arrival of the Judgement Day
The interim period will end with the arrival of Judgment Day when Allah will recreate physical bodies of all humans. In fact, Allah will give different parts of human body the ability to communicate. Human bodies will act as witnesses against human actions during their life on the earth. Consequently, Hands will witness about the actions they were used for, legs will witness where they were lead to, tongues will witnesses about what was spoken of, eyes will witness about what they looked at. Allah, as the All Knowing Creator, knows about all deeds and actions even before they are carried out. For the sake of fairness during judgment, the human body will be asked to be a material witness for their actions.
The eternal journey of the soul
In due time, the Day of Judgement comes to an end. Then the souls will continue their journey to the eternity. Finally, their state of happiness or sadness will depend on whether their good deeds outweigh their bad deeds and whether their bad deeds receive Divine Mercy and Forgiveness. The power of ultimate forgiveness belongs only to God. As His creation, Muslims believe in Allah’s infinite mercy and in His power of forgiveness. https://www.islamicity.org/7887/seven-stages-of-life-in-islam/
Quran 6:12- “…To whom belongs whatever is in the heavens and earth?” Say, “To Allah.” He has decreed mercy upon Himself….”
The Divine Mercy
To summarize, the highest hope for the Divine Mercy leads Muslims to do good towards all creations, try to avoid sinful acts and seek Allah’s forgiveness and Mercy throughout their lives.