The miracle baby
When the angel Gabriel approached Mary, a pious Galilean Jewish woman with impeccable character, she became alarmed to see an unexpected visitor. Thereupon, angel Gabriel introduced himself to her as a messenger from God and informed her of a pure baby boy she would conceive. In fact, the holy spirit is the name for angel Gabriel in the Quran. Mary wondered how was it possible that she would carry a baby when no man have ever touched her. Gabriel, while reassuring her, replied that God is able to do all things. He also added that the baby will be a sign and a mercy to mankind from God (Quran 19:16-22). These are the Quranic Verses which built the foundation of Muslim’s view on Jesus.
The Quran on the birth of Jesus
The Quran 19:20: She said, “How can I have a son when no man has touched me and I have not been a promiscuous woman?” Quran 19:21: He said, “It will be so. Your Lord says, ‘It is easy for Me, and We will make him a sign to people and a mercy from Us. The matter is already determined.” Quran 19:22: So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a remote place”
Who is Jesus to Muslims?
The first lady of paradise
As can be seen in the hadith literature, prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) mentioned that Jesus and his mother Mary (peace be upon both) were the only two persons in the humanity who were sinless, as Satan was unable to touch them (Al-Bukhari 60:47).
What Jesus is not
It is important to realize that Muslims regard the birth of Jesus without a biological father to be a sign from the Creator and an expression of His ability to create as He wills.
The Quran resembles his birth to the birth of Adam, who did not have either a biological father or a biological mother. Their miraculous births did not make them either a god, or a literal son of God or a Divine being (Quran 3:59), as Muslims argue.
So, Jesus is not God in Islam.
It must be remembered that the Muslims, like Jews, believe in absolute Oneness of God. Not only that the Quran rejects the concept of trinity (Quran 4:171, 5:73), it also rejects the Pauline interpretation of Jesus being part of a group of three separate gods making one single God.
On the contrary, Islamic belief in this regards is consistent with what Jesus said about himself in the Bible. https://qpeace.net/?p=6145
Muslims believe that Jesus’s power to do miracles was due to God’s empowerment of him. His miracles were not because he was himself the all powerful God. Neither was he a Divine entity as part of a three god’s consortium. In fact, Islamic belief in this regards is consistent with what Jesus claimed about himself in Bible. https://qpeace.net/?p=1004
Concept of trinity in the Day of Judgment
As can be seen in the Quran, Jesus will witness against the concept of trinity in the Day of Judgment. He will also witness that he preached the first commandment in it’s purity: “Worship God, my Lord and your Lord” (Quran 5:116-117).
The concept of original sin
Christian theologians argue that Jesus died during crucifixion to pay for the sins of Adam. The Quran suggests that he didn’t die, but God made it to appear that way. God raised him to God’s presence (Quran 4:157-158) while he was alive.
In fact, there is no concept of original sin in Islam. As soon as Adam and Eve realized that they have violated God’s prohibition, they asked His forgiveness. (Quran 7:23). Owing to their repentance, God forgave Adam and Eve out of His Divine Mercy. (Quran 2:37). It is important to realize that it was God’s plan, not His punishment, that humans would live in the earth as His representative. On the other hand, Adam’s loss of the privileges as a dweller of heaven was an example of God’s chastisement for violation of God’s command, a lesson set for all humans to come.
Allah knows the best