No superiority on the basis of race
Islam does not sanction superiority of one race over another. God has created different nations and races. This is to encourage humanity to communicate with each other and develop ability to relate beyond the physical differences and cultural barriers. Moreover, by developing the understanding of others, we can free ourselves from the prejudice and the feeling of the “otherness” of the others. Islamic teaching is clear and unambiguous on the issue of eradicating racial bias and bigotry.
The Quran 49-13. ” O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.”
Oneness of Humanity
The Quran affirms that all humans are equal creations of One God. The difference in color, appearance and ethnicity help us recognize the beauty in diversity. It also makes us aware of different cultures with varied outlooks and temperament. Likewise, it helps us develop the skills of understanding the people who belong to a different culture and upbringing.
The Quran 30:22. “Among His signs are the creation of Heaven and Earth, as well as the diversity in your tongues and colors. In that are signs for those who know.”
A colorful world
Our earth is full of different colors and shades. Rain brings life to the colors of the earth. The sunshine reflects on the streams giving it silver color ripples. Sun paints our horizon with yellow, gold and red colors at sunrise and sunset. Lush green plants, deep blue ocean, dark cloud, sandy dessert, all received colors as the Creator granted them. Allah created mountains with different chemical composition giving different colors, tracks of various hues, red, black and white.
In the same manner, Allah made humans in different shades and colors. These variations are signs of Allah’s Magnificence. These are not signs of superiority of one race or color above others. https://qpeace.net/?p=46
The Quran 35:27-28 “…..Do you not see that Allah sends down rain from the sky? With it We then bring out produce of various colors. And in the mountains are tracts white and red, of various shades of color, and black intense in hue. And so among humans, and crawling creatures, and cattle. They are of various colors. Those fear Allah, among His Servants, are those who have knowledge. For Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving…..”
Color of the skin is not the measure of superiority
Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) dedicated his life in spreading the message of Oneness of God and that all humans are created equal. In his last pilgrimage to Makkah (Hajj), he delivered a sermon that summarized these ideals in clear terms.
Following is an excerpt from the last sermon by prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). “…All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab. Also a white has no superiority over a black. Nor a black has any superiority over a white, except by piety and good action…” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farewell_Sermon