No superiority on the basis of race
Islam does not sanction the superiority of one race over another. God has created different nations and races. His design encourages humanity to communicate with each other and can relate beyond physical differences and cultural barriers. Moreover, by developing understanding about others, humankind can free themselves from the prejudice and the feeling of the “otherness” of the others. Islamic teaching is clear and unambiguous on the issue of eradicating racial bias and bigotry.
“Quran 49-13. ” O humankind! We have created you from a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the noblest of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.”
Oneness of Humanity
The Quran affirms that all humans are equal creations of One God. The difference in color, appearance, and ethnicity helps us recognize the beauty in diversity. It also makes us aware of different cultures with varied outlooks and temperaments. Likewise, it helps us develop the skills of understanding the people who belong to a different culture and upbringing.
“Quran 30:22. “Among His signs are the creation of Heaven and Earth, as well as the diversity in your tongues and colors. In that are signs for those who know.”
A world of colors
The earth is full of different colors and shades. Lush green plants, deep blue ocean, dark cloud, sandy dessert, all received colors as the Creator bestowed them. Rain paints the colors of life on the earth. The sunshine reflects on the lakes giving it silver ripples. The horizon gets painted with yellow, gold, and red colors at sunrise and sunset. Mountains have different chemical compositions giving different colors, tracks of various hues, red, black, and white.
In the same manner, Allah made humans in different shades and colors. These variations are signs of Allah’s magnificence. These are not signs of the superiority of one race or color above others. https://qpeace.net/?p=46
“Quran 35:27-28 “…..Do you not see that Allah sends down rain from the sky? With it, We then bring out produce of various colors. And in the mountains are tracts white and red, various shades of color, and black intense hue. And so among humans, and crawling creatures and cattle. They are of various colors. Those fear Allah, among His Servants, are those who know. For Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving…..”
Color of the skin is not the measure of superiority
Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) dedicated his life to teaching the Oneness of God and that all humans are created equal. In his last pilgrimage to Makkah (Hajj), he delivered a sermon that summarized these ideas.
Following is an excerpt from the last sermon by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). “…All humankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab. Also, a white has no superiority over a black. Nor a black has any superiority over a white, except by piety and good action…” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farewell_Sermon